Over 20 million Americans have diabetes today, and the U.S. Center for Disease Control predicts that nearly 1 in 3 will develop diabetes during their lifetime. This means future dental professionals will be challenged to manage the oral care of individuals—in increasing numbers—who have this disease.
Thus, it is important for clinicians to understand the types of diabetes, the impact of diabetes (the 7th leading cause of death among Americans), the associated risk factors among their patients, and both surgical and non-surgical therapy options for individuals with diabetes.
Emerging research also suggests that the relationship between serious periodontal disease and diabetes is two-way. Not only are people with diabetes more susceptible to serious periodontal disease, but serious periodontal disease may have the potential to affect blood glucose control and contribute to the progression of diabetes. Research suggests that people with diabetes are at higher risk for oral health problems, such as gingivitis and periodontitis.1
The following topics will be covered within this learning event:
- Extent of the U.S. adult population with diabetes and periodontal disease
- Understanding insulin production and insulin action
- Tests and criteria used in diagnosis of diabetes
- Health issues associated with diabetic patients
- Exploration of risk factors for individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes
- Prevention of diabetes complications
- Managing dental patients who have diabetes
- Diabetes and Oral Health Problems. American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/oral-health-and-hygiene/diabetes-and-oral-health.html. Published October 10, 2014. Accessed August 21, 2017.